The ABCB is a Council of Australian Government (COAG) standards writing body that is responsible for the development of the NCC, comprised of the BCA and the PCA. The ABCB is a joint initiative of all three levels of government in Australia. It was established by an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) that was first signed by the Commonwealth, States and Territories on 1 March 1994, and has been updated from time to time since. The ABCB is also a regulatory reform vehicle for COAG, and reports to the Australian Government Minister and State and Territory Ministers responsible for building and plumbing regulatory matters, also known as the Building Ministers' Forum (BMF).
The Board consists of eighteen members including a Chair, the head of each Commonwealth, State and Territory Administration responsible for building matters, up to seven industry representatives, and a representative of the Australian Local Government Association.
In May 2014, the BMF agreed to significant regulatory reform for the built environment. These reforms will contribute to reducing the regulatory burden for building and plumbing, an objective of the IGA. The ABCB provides a vital link for industry between building and plumbing practice, and government building and plumbing regulatory policy.